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Ngorongoro Conservation Area

A world heritage site and a unique biosphere reserve

Location & Geography:

Nestled in the northern part of Tanzania, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area encompasses the renowned Ngorongoro Crater. Embraced by the Great Rift Valley and bordered by the Serengeti National Park and Mount Kilimanjaro, this region boasts diverse topography, from grassy plains to dense forests and towering mountains. At its heart lies the Ngorongoro Crater, a colossal inactive volcanic caldera, that serves as the area’s centerpiece.

Historical Significance:

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area holds immense historical importance, harboring some of humanity’s oldest evidence of habitation. Archaeological findings in the Olduvai Gorge date back over 3 million years, while the Maasai people have inhabited the region for centuries, preserving their traditional lifestyle and cultural heritage.

Main Attractions:

Undoubtedly, the Ngorongoro Crater steals the spotlight as the area’s primary attraction. This UNESCO World Heritage site is a natural marvel, renowned as the world’s largest inactive volcanic caldera. Its breathtaking landscape teems with diverse wildlife, including elephants, lions, leopards, buffalos, and the endangered black rhino. Visitors can embark on thrilling game drives within the crater, immersing themselves in its captivating beauty and witnessing its remarkable biodiversity.

Beyond the Ngorongoro Crater, the conservation area boasts spectacular viewpoints offering sweeping panoramas of the surrounding landscapes. The Empakaai Crater, Olmoti Crater, and Gol Mountains are other notable attractions showcasing the region’s natural wonders.

Activities and Experiences:

Apart from exhilarating game drives in the Ngorongoro Crater, tourists can engage in various activities catering to diverse interests. Guided nature walks offer opportunities to explore the pristine beauty of the area, spot exotic bird species, and delve into its unique flora and fauna. Cultural visits to authentic Maasai villages provide insights into traditional life, enabling interactions with the Maasai people and offering glimpses into their customs and craftsmanship.

For adventurous souls, hiking and trekking expeditions in nearby mountains like Mount Olmoti and Mount Lengai promise unforgettable experiences. These activities present breathtaking vistas, encounters with unique wildlife, and opportunities to connect with nature on a deeper level.

Best Time to Visit:

While the Ngorongoro Conservation Area welcomes visitors year-round, the dry season from June to October offers optimal wildlife sightings. During this period, sparse vegetation enhances animal visibility, and many creatures migrate to the crater floor for water, facilitating excellent game viewing.

The wet season from November to May brings lush greenery and fewer crowds, ideal for birdwatching and relishing the area’s scenic beauty. However, travelers should prepare for cooler temperatures, especially during evenings, by packing appropriate warm clothing.

Getting There:

Most visitors access the Ngorongoro Conservation Area via Kilimanjaro International Airport or Arusha Airport, major entry points to Tanzania. From there, private transfers or guided tours can be arranged to reach the conservation area. Alternatively, domestic flights to Arusha Airport followed by a scenic drive offer another route. Well-maintained roads from Arusha or neighboring national parks also provide access for travelers exploring Tanzania by land.


  • 4×4 land cruiser top-up roof.
  • Park fees (for non-residents)
  • All activities (unless labeled as optional)
  • Meals (as specified in the day-by-day section)
  • Drinks (as specified in the day-by-day section)
  • All accommodation while on Safaris.
  • Round-trip airport transfer
  • A professional driver/guide
  • All transportation (unless labeled as optional}
  • All Taxes/VAT


  • International flights (from/to home)
  • Tips. 
  • Personal items (souvenirs, travel insurance, visa fees

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